Introduction to Self-Defense
Practicing Self-Defense Self-defense needs to be effective, especially against larger, stronger opponents. Therefore, the techniques have to be efficient and effective. When practicing self-defense, strive to achieve an awareness of yourself and your surroundings. This awareness is essential, and should carry over into all areas of your life. As you are grabbed by the opponent(s), you should react quickly and without thought. Make your counters quick, and decisive, taking the initiative and never relinquishing it. Techniques should be executed strongly, but pulled just short of striking your partner in practice. Counter attacks or follow-up techniques should flow smoothly and continuously until the attacker has been controlled and no longer poses any threat to you. Make sure your counters are appropriate to your size in relation to your opponent. Keep in mind that the kiai can play a major role in self-defense, serving to startle your opponent and put him on the defensive, as well as mustering your strength and bolstering your confidence. Self-defense should always conclude with a finishing technique, be it a powerful blow before escaping or a controlling lock to neutralize your attacker. When practicing, remember to respect your partner, taking care to pull every attack short of striking its target, and salute your partner before and after the exercise to express gratitude for their trust, time, and energy. Self-Defense in Three Dimensions Practical precautions: • At home, have appropriate security devices for doors and windows. • Never let strangers into your home. Train a dog if applicable. • Have adequate flashlights for your home and car. • Keep a list of emergency phone numbers near the phone. • Be alert and aware to anything happening. • Leave any social gathering that could get out-of-control. • Never be the last or the only one leaving an area. Use All Parts of the Body as Weapons Use all parts of the body as weapons to attack all angles, all levels with complete follow-through. • Use elbows, palms, fingers, hips, knees, feet, voice (for kiai or screaming). • Use self-defense techniques only when your life or another person’s life is in danger. Self-Defense Against Multiple Attackers • Mobility is the best strategy. • Utilize leverage to throw or unbalance attackers. Use attackers’ leverage against themselves to confuse and entangle them. • Use one attacker as a shield. • Separate attackers and confront fewer at one time. Run away. Self-Defense Against Armed Attackers • It is less dangerous to have your extremities injured than your vital points (internal organs, eyes, throat, etc.). • Use your two hands in a scissor fashion to control the attacker’s wrists or hands holding the weapon. • Disarm completely. Remember to defend to the dead side and then fully neutralize the attacker. Machine Gun Principle • Use combinations of four follow-up techniques for white belt, six for green, eight for brown and more than ten for black belt. Five A’s for Self-Defense • Awareness • Alertness • Avoidance • Anticipation • Action Five W’s to Avoid • Wrong time • Wrong place • Wrong person • Wrong attitude • Wrong techniques Five R’s for Counterattacks for Self-Defense • Right time • Right place • Right techniques • Right perspective • Run Five All’s for Three-Dimensional Self-Defense • All angles • All levels • All techniques • All situations • All people Five Controls in Self-Defense • Control area (awareness) • Control yourself (fear, anger) • Control attackers (strategy) • Control the situation • Control consequences Self-Defense Against Weapons • Always use both of your hands to control the opponent’s weapon hand. • Avoid the weapon by moving to a safety zone at the opponent’s dead side. • Disarm and attack at the same time, then use the opponent’s weapon to incapacitate him. • Use the right and left side of the body in all techniques.